Magnesium is one of the most important nutrients which serves many functions in the body.
Every cell in the human body needs magnesium and it is a common factor that is needed in more than 300
biochemical reactions that take place in the human body like relaxation and contraction of muscles, function of
certain enzymes,production of protein and production and transport of energy.
An adult body approximately contains 25g of magnesium 50% to 60% of which is present in the bones and maximum
percentage of the rest in the soft tissues.
Less than 1% of total magnesium is present in blood serum.
Food like vegetables specially dark green and leafy vegetables (owing to the magnesium present in the
chorophyll), fruits like banana, dried apricots and avocados, nuts, legumes,soy products and whole grains are major
sources of dietary magnesium.
Magnesium deficiency can be found in people who have a history of alcohol abuse , excessive consumption of
caffeine,or who suffer from less absorbtion of magnesium owing to factors like burns, low level of calcium or
Deficiency of magnesium in the body can have multiple implications.
In this context it is very important to know the correlation between Magnesium deficiency and heart health.
Contrary to popular belief that cholesterol or saturated fat are the reasons which can lead to heart problems,
research has proved that low magnesium levels can be linked to all cardiovascular risk factors like high blood
pressure, calcification of soft tissues, cholesterol, arterial plaque and hardening of the arteries.
Research conducted on metabolism has also proved the link between Magnesium deficiency and Heart health as the
results have clearly showed that low level of magnesium causes metabolic changes that might eventuate to heart
attacks and strokes.
Magnesium is also responsible for a normal heart rhythm hence it is sometimes given intraveneously in hospitals
to reduce the chances of irregular heartbeat.
Other studies have proved that the risk of heart disease is elevated if calcium supplements are taken that are
not in balance with magnesium.
The results of a number of population and dietary surveys also provide evidence to the relation between
magnesium deficiency and heart health as they have clearly established an association between higher levels of
magnesium with lower risk of heart diseases.
Apart from the medical conditions discussed above, low level of magnesium in the body can also be attributed to
the predominant stressfull lifestyle that is prevalent across the globe.
Another factor which leads to magnesium deficiency is the popularity of consumption of processed food which have
low levels of magnesium.
Also there is a common tendency in people to completely elimate the consumption of nuts from their diet in order
to avoid in take of fat and calories.
But the fact is that nuts contain healthy fats that are not bad for health and they are a very rich source of
magnesium as well.
Another reason is the method of farming being followed currently where over exposure leads to taxing of the
quality of the top soil which directly effects the magnesium content in the vegetables and wheat cultivated on
Based on the numerous studies and research conducted by medical professionals across the globe it can be
concluded that it is very important to ensure that the body does not suffer from the deficiency of magnesium as
that can lead to multiple disorders along with compromised heart health that can pose a serious threat to life.