Magnesium deficiency is a condition where the level of magnesium mineral in the body is below the optimum
This condition may lead to a host of complications and diseases which can be manifested by a myriad of
An increased magnesium intake can remedy this condition if it is not severe.
If the condition is chronic there may be need for intravenous supplements to correct deficiency.
A diagnosis of serum through the serum magnesium test is definitive in determining if the symptoms manifested
are actually a case of magnesium deficiency.
Some of the symptoms of this condition include weakness, fatigue,dizziness, muscle cramps, retention of sodium,
reduced levels of the parathyroid hormone, loss of appetite vomiting, irregular heartbeat and heart failure.
Of this symptoms weakness and fatigue are most common in magnesium deficiency and are also the primary symptoms
for a bone disease called Osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is a disease where the amount of bone material reduces over time leading to a reduced bone mass and
Given that osteoporosis has no symptoms some links have been drawn to provide cause of the disease.
Indeed one of the links that connects magnesium deficiency and osteoporosis is low levels of dietary magnesium
in the body, for both ailments.
The risk factor for developing osteoporosis increases when the diet lacks important minerals among them
The causes of magnesium deficiency include poor diet, poorly controlled diabetes, diarrhea and chronic
Certain types of drugs such as osmotic diuretics, and amphetamines can also lead to a dramatic drop of magnesium
levels within the body.
It is important to note that, alcohol abuse, which is above mentioned as one of the causes of magnesium
deficiency, is interestingly, also a risk factor associated with the developing of osteoporosis disease.
Excessive alcohol increases fracture risk, which is a frequent occurrence in patients suffering from
This is despite the fact that alcohol is known to increase bone density among responsible drinkers.
Magnesium deficiency treatment is fairly easy requiring the patient to orally intake a magnesium
Some microflora may increase intake by allowing the intake of magnesium through the breakdown of antagonists
such as oxalate.
Introducing certain food to the diet of the patient can also help with the treatment of the condition.
Such food sources with with significant level of magnesium include leafy green vegetables, raw nuts, and
On the other hand the use of biophosphonates can help reduce the risk of osteoporosis.
Some types of the disease can also be treated effectively with the use of a hormones.
Teriparatide, which is a recombinant parathyroid hormone has been used in the treatment of post-menopausal
osteoporosis which occurs in women.
Hormone replacement therapy is also effective in treatment.
In more general cases the use of denosumab prevents fractures associated with the disease.
Since prevention is better than cure for both magnesium deficiency and osteoporosis it is important to take
measures to prevent the developing of this potentially fatal conditions.
A healthy diet with minerals such as calcium and magnesium works both ways in preventing the two ailments
Drugs may be used to prevent fragility fractures in bones among high risk patients.